Dr. Siima S. Bakengesa

Director of Forest Production Research

  • Email: siima.bakengesa@tafori.or.tz; Siima_b@yahoo.com
  • Mob:+255754 784545; +255735 784545 Tel:+255 23 2935174  Fax: +255 23 2935174
  • Address: Tanzania Forestry Research Institute, P.O. Box 1854, Morogoro- Tanzania
  • Expertise: Dr. Siima Bakengesa is a researcher and professional forester and natural resources consultant. She has varsity experiences in land restoration and rehabilitation initiatives. On other side she is a Mentor, a Leader, a Facilitator, a Moderator, a Rapporteur and a Public speaker. She is a team player with integrity.


  • Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)
  • Msc. Forestry
  • Bsc. Forestry(Hons)


Academic Prizes

  • Sokoine University Convocation Prize
  • Ministry of Tourism and Natural Resources and Environmental Prize
  • TAJ Mohamed Forestry Prize

Environmental Award

Recognized and received the Equator Prize in 2002 for HASHI Project the pioneering spirit that animates the growing sustainable communities’ movement in the tropics.

Professional Experience

Period Employer Position Experiences and achievement
1997-2000 World Agroforestry Centre(ICRAF)/HASHI Researcher- Natural resources
  1.  Planned, administered and evaluated Agroforestry Research technologies in Lake zone areas of Shinyanga. I contributed and evaluated 5 Agroforestry technologies of rotational woodlots, fodder banking, improved ngitli indigenous tree (medicinal and fruits) and boundary planting which contributed to restoring about 500ha of land.
  2. Carried and dissemination activities engaging about 400 women and youth in their groups to add value to indigenous fruits   and produced at local level jams, wines and soaps using indigeneous trees eg, Tamarindus indica, baobab, vitex, vanguelia
  3. Prepared progress and financial reports to development partners especially CIDA and NORAD Forestry, Livestock, arid lands, agro forestry related fields
  4. Presented project activities and achievement in different fora eg Participation in Seminars, Workshops, conferences and Congress
2001-2004 Tanzania Forestry Research Institute(TAFORI) Research Officer
  1. Prepared annual work plans and budgets and submitted to supervisor
  2. Prepared and published reports and publications
  3. Assisted in designing and setting up research experiments, data collection and analysis.
  4. Supervised maintenance of research trial plots
  5. Supervised 14 field technicians and mentored them to perfect work
2002-2004 HASHI/ICRAF Project Team Leader
  1. Ensured that project Program implementation executed as per   approved program documents (approved budget, work plans and program design)
  2. Lead on networking, integrating, coordinating program partners (MNRT, Ministry of Livestock and fisheries, HASHI, ICRAF, NORAD, farmer’s groups) for efficient delivery of program objectives
  3. Facilitated reflection/learning, documentation of best   practices and most significant success stories and share it with different stakeholders.
  4. Facilitated community mobilization on adaptation and   transfer of knowledge and technologies focusing on tree-crop interaction for increased food security, tree-livestock production, tree- renewable energy production and carrying out social, economic and anthropological studies
  5. Lead the staff performance management and staff development as per the organizational policies.
  6. Ensured efficient management of financial and non-financial program resources is adhered as per the organizational policies and regulations
  7. Take lead on periodic program planning (monthly, quarterly, bi-annual and annual) for efficiency and effective running of the program. And report to the Permanent Secretary of MNRT.
  8. Lead the project to win the EQUATOR initiative award, the global award dedicated to land restoration
2004-2008 National Forest and Agroforestry Resource Centre(NAFRAC Head, research section
  1. Headed the Research section of NAFRAC
  2. Executed section’s approved research programs
  3. Prepared financial and Human Resources estimates for the section
  4. Prepared quarterly/annual reports on the section’s activities
  5. Identified research program proposals and submits recommendations to the Executive officer
  6. Supervised forestry and beekeeping research
  7. Coordinated dissemination, library and laboratory services
2009-2012 Tanzania Forestry Research Institute(TAFORI Senior research Officer
  1. Undertook research projects preparations and executions
  2. Submitted periodic and regular reports on the progress of research projects and publish them in annual reports and journals
  3. Coordinated technology transfer project of USD 500,000 for biotechnology project focusing on 17 Eucalyptus clones in Tanzania
2012- todate Director of forest production research
  1. Head of Forest Production Directorate
  2. Prepares financial and Human Resources estimates for the Directorate
  3. Prepares quarterly/annual reports on the Directorate’s activities
  4. In efforts to maintain the best seed sources for teak in Tanzania, I supervised establishment 12 hectares of Tectona grandis seed stand Ex. Kihuhwi in Longuza.  Furthermore, through a collaborative CAMCORE project, introduction of new Teak provenances which will increase teak genetic base in the country
  5. Serves as a secretary to appropriate scientific committee meetings related to forestry   research.
  6. To supervise and coordinate dissemination, library and laboratory services
  7. Makes sure staff under the directorate are vigilant and motivated

Appointment in advisory /management Boards

  • Member to the Tanzania Forest Service (TFS) Agency, Ministerial Advisory Board, 2018 to date
  • Member to the National Ranching Company (NARCO) managing Board 2018 to 2022
  • Member of Advisory board for Natural Resources Committee of the Commission for Science and Technology (COSTECH) 2018-2021
  • Member of the Board to the College of Forest, Wildlife and Tourism at Sokoine University of Agriculture 2018 todate
  • Member to the Board of the National Plant Protection Board, Ministry of Agriculture

Consultancies, Engagements (selected)

  1. Conserving water resources and catchments in Tanzania 2022
  2. Biodiversity conservation through traditional medicinal trees 2022
  3. Educating children in forest in primary schools in pilot countries Tanzania and the Philippines-FAO project
  4. Team leader, for the national team for assessing the status of pests, diseases and soil problems in Tanzanian Forests, January, 2020
  5. Team leader for developing forest management plan for nature reserves and developing joint agreement with 23 villages surrounding Mkingu Nature reserve. Client TFS/ UNDP in 2018
  6. Team leader, for baseline data on Trees on Farms and Identifying Useful Timber, Medicinal and Fruit Trees Undergoing Extinction for Domestication in World Vision Tanzania – safe pamoja project area. Client was World Vision Tanzania through Safe Babati Pamoja Project (Building community resilience to shocks and disasters) in 2017
  7. Team leader for training on natural resource governance in Duru-haitemba Village Land Forest Reserve (VLFR), Sarame    VLFR, Mount Magara and Maweni Forest Reserve and Gidabaghar VLFR located within World Vision Tanzania – safe pamoja project area. Client was World Vision Tanzania through Safe Babati Pamoja Project (Building community resilience to shocks and disasters.
  8. Team Leader for Assessment of natural resources governance in villages of Duru-haitemba, Sarame, Endamaghai, Boay, Gijedaboskar and Tarangire-lake Manyara ecosystem. Client was World Vision Tanzania through Safe Babati Pamoja Project (Building community resilience to shocks and disasters). March, 2015:


Journal papers

  1. Uisso, A.J., Chirwa, P.W., Ackerman, P.A and Mbwambo, L. (2022). Understanding community awareness, knowledge and perceived importance of Land-Use Plans and Village Land Forest Reserves in the context of REDD+ in Tanzania. International Forestry Review, 24(1): 113-127
  2. Pima N.E., Maguzu, J., Bakengesa, S., Bomani F.A, Mkwizu I.H. (2016). Indigenous system of Forest Management practice:   A case of Mzoghoti Village Forest Reserve, West Usambara Mountain, Tanzania.  International Journal of Agriculture and  6(4):  161-167
  3. Bakengesa, S., Munishi, P. K. T., S., Ngaga, Y.M and Navrud, S (2016). Household welfare based on regulating and biodiversity values in the Kilombero Floodplains Ramsar site, Morogoro, Tanzania
  4. Ndomba A, O., Bakengesa, S.S., Maguzu J., Chamshama, S.A.O, Kimu, H.R and Lema M (2015). Perils of Taungya to the productivity of forest plantations:  A case of Meru Forest Plantation in Tanzania, International Journal of Agriculture and forestry 5(5): 26-275.
  5. Bakengesa, S., Y. M. Ngaga., S. Navrud and P.K.T. Munishi (2015). Green accounting for wetland resources in the national economy: A case study of Kilombero Valley Ramsar site, Morogoro, Tanzania
  6. Bakengesa, S, S, Mwakisu, A and Amanzi, N.S (2013). Tracking forest resource condition through permanent sample plots established in Bukombe-mbogwe Forest Reserve in Shinyanga region, Tanzania. Tanzania journal of Forestry and Nature conservation, Vol. 83(1). Pg. 54-68
  7. Bakengesa, S., Munishi, P. K. T., S., Ngaga, Y.M and Navrud, S (2012). Estimating Direct use value of Kilombero Ramsar site based on the Market Price Method. Tanzania journal of Forestry and Nature conservation, Vol. 81(2). Pg. 133-146
  8. Bakengesa, S., Munishi, P. K. T., S., Navrud, S (2011) Climate change impact on wildlife hunting in Kilombero Ramsar, Site Tanzania in International Journal on Climate Change Strategies and Management. Emerald
  9. Bakengesa, S., Mbwambo, P. K. Munishi, K. Senelwa, J. Hitimana, L. Etiegni, J. Nduwamungu, G. Juvenal (2010). Community Perception of the Importance of Wetlands in the Lake Victoria Basin: A Case Study of Tanzania. Discovery and Innovations
  10. Rubanza, C.D.K, Shem, M.N., Otsyina, R., Bakengesa, S.S., Ichinohe., T., Fujihara., T. (2007). The Content of Protein, Fibre and Minerals of Leaves from Browse Tree Species Indigenous to North-Western Tanzania. Archives of Animal Nutrition, 61 (2): 1-6. Taylor and Francis, Oxford, UK
  11. Rubanza, C.D.K., Shem, M.N., Otsyina, R., Bakengesa, S.S., Ichinohe., T., Fujihara., T. (2007). Effects of Acacia nilotica, polyacantha and Leucaena leucocephala Leaf Meal Supplementation on Growth Performance of Small East African Goats Fed on Native Pasture Hay Basal Forages in North-Western Tanzania. Small Ruminants Research: 70, Issues 2-3, 165-173
  12. D.K. Rubanza, M.N. Shem, R. Otsyina, S. S Bakengesa T. Ichinohe and T. Fujihara (2005). Content of Phenolic extractable and bound condensed tannin and their effect on invitro gas production from browse leaves. Animal Feed Sciences (14) 193-210
  13. D.K. Rubanza, M.N. Shem, R. Otsyina, S. S Bakengesa T. Ichinohe and T. Fujihara (2005. Polyphenolic and Tannins Effect on in vitro digestibility of Selected Acacia Species. Animal Feed Sciences and Technology (119): 129-142
  14. Rubanza, C.D.K., Shem, M.N., Otsyina, R., Bakengesa, S.S., Ichinohe., T., Fujihara., T (2005) Contents of Macro and Micro Minerals of Deferred Forages in Agro-silvopastoral Traditional Fodder Banks (Ngitiri) of Meatu District of North-western Tanzania. Livestock Research for Rural Development: 17 (12) Utta,
  15. I. Nyadzi, R.M. Otsyina, F.M.Banzi, S.S. Bakengesa, B.M.Gama, L.Mbwambo and D. Asenga (2003). Rotational woodlot technology in northwestern Tanzania. Tree species and crop performance. Agroforestry Systems 59: 253-263

Refereed Workshop Proceedings articles(selected)

  1. Mbwambo, L,R., Bakengesa S.S., Nshubemuki, L (2015). The role of plantation forestry in addressing climate change adaptation and mitigation issues in Tanzania.  Proceedings of the international conference on reducing climate change challenges through Forestry and other land use practices.  Nashera Hotel, Morogoro.  Sokoine University of Agriculture.  113-123.
  2. Bakengesa S., Mwakisu, A and Numan, A (2013). Tracking Forest Resource Condition through Permanet Sample plots established in Bukombe Local Authority Forest Reserve. A paper presented to the Second National Participatory Forest Managment (N-PFM0 Conference, 22nd August, 2013. TAFORI HQ, Tanzania.
  3. Bakengesa., C. Balama., A. Mpiri ( 2011). Economic Implications of Insect Pests and Diseases in Plantation forests in Tanzania. In: S.A.O. Chamshama et al. (Eds). In Proceedings of the Forest Plantation Insect-Pests , Diseases soil Problems Workshop held in Kibaha Coastal region on 3rd-4th Feb, 2011.76-83
  4. Bakengesa et al.(2011). The status of Tanzania Forest Genetic Resources. The country paper presented at Workshop on World Genetic Resources, held in Nairobi Kenya on 26th – 30th April, 2011.
  5. S. Bakengesa, S., Munishi, P. K. T., Ngaga, Y., S., Navrud, S (2010). Insights into wetland related income, investiments , biodiversity and other values in relation to settlement pattern in selected villages in Kilombero Ramsar Site, Tanzania. In the proceeding of the 7th TAWIRI scientific conference. Pg. 148-161
  6. D. Omary, S.S. Bakengesa., C.D.K. Rubanza(2009) Assessment and enhancing of institutional impact of Participatory forest management on livelihoods of the rural poor in Lake Victoria Basin. A case of Bukombe District. In Proceedings of the First Participatory Forestry Management (PFM) Research Workshop: Participatory Forest Management for Improved Forest Quality, Livelihood and Governance.( Edited by Nshubemuki et.al.), 15th-16th December, 2008, Morogoro, Tanzania. Pp. 123-132
  7. Bakengesa and W.C.Mlenge (2004) Ngitili : Indigenous Practice for Forest Land Restoration experience from Shinyanga Tanzania. A paper presented at Regional agroforestry planning workshop Harare Zimbabwe, 6-12 September,2004
  8. D.K Rubanza, M.N. Shem, S.S. Bakengesa, T. Ichinohe, T. Fujihara(2006) Effects of Acacia nilotica, A. polyacantha and Leucaena leucocephala leaf meal supplementation on growth performance of Small East African goats fed on native pasture hay basal forages in western Tanzania. In: S.A.O. Chamshama et al. (Eds). Partnerships and Linkages for Greater Impact in Agroforestry and Environmental Awareness. Proceedings of the Second National Agroforestry and Environment Workshop held in Mbeya 14 – 17 March 2006. pp 99 – 112
  9. Msuya T. S ; M.A. Mndolwa; L. Mbwambo; L. Mhando; Bakengesa and E. Japhet (2006). Factors Affecting Management Practices of Rotational Woodlots and Ngitili Systems and their Implication in Forest Restoration of degraded ecosystems in Shinyanga, Tanzania. Nikundiwe, A.M. and J.D.L. Kabigumila (Eds.) (2006). Drylands Ecosystems: Challenges and Opportunities for Sustainable Natural Resources Management:Proceedings of the Regional Workshop held at Hotel Impala, Arusha, Tanzania, 7-9 June 2006. Research Programme on Sustainable Use of Drylands Biodiveristy, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam. pp 198-206
  10. Msuya, T. S., M. Mndolwa, Bakengesa, S. Maduka and C. Balama (2006) Factors Affecting adoption and Dissemination of Agroforestry Technologies in Tanzania: A Case of HASHI/ICRAF and Ruvu Fuelwood Pilot Project. In: S.A.O. Chamshama et al. (Eds). Partnerships and Linkages for Greater Impact in Agroforestry and Environmental Awareness. Proceedings of the Second National Agroforestry and Environment Workshop held in Mbeya 14 – 17 March 2006. Pp 199 – 207
  11. Bakengesa S, Ostyina. R., Ok’ting’ati (2004). Influence of national policies on tree planting and conservations. The case of Shinyanga. In the proceeding of the Regional agroforestry conference impact on Livelihood in Southern Africa: Putting research in perspective. World Agroforestry Centre. Nairobi. pp 301-306
  12. Ruvuga S, Maduka , Bakengesa S. (1999). Status and Progress of Agroforestry Dissemination in Tanzania. Proceedings of the 13th Southern Africa Regional Planning and Review Meeting, 5-11 July 1999 Mangochi, Malawi. SADC-ICRAF Zambezi Basin Project.

Refereed Newsletter articles

  1. Laswai, F., Balama, C., Mbwambo, L., Bakengesa, , Mndolwa, M. and Phabian, G.(2013). Assessing stocking and effect of root biomass harvesting for Carissa spinarum Linn. In Samunge village, Ngorongoro District, Tanzania. TAFORI newsletter (7):2
  2. Petro, R., Richard, J., Maduka, S. and Bakengesa, S.(2013) Zonocerus variegates(Orthoptera pyrgorphidae). A pest of economic importance to the Pinus patual in Ukaguru forest plantation, Tanzania. TAFORI newsletter (7):2
  3. Bakengesa, S., Mbwambo, L. and Kagosi, P.J (2013). Extraction of invasive species in Matogoro forest reserve to improve water recharge services. TAFORI newsletter (7):2
  4. Bakengesa, S, S., Rubanza CDK, Iddy O (2008). Kilimo Misitu na Uhifadhi wa Mazingira. TAFORI Newsletter 6 1: 17-21
  5. C.DK , Bakengesa ,S, S., Minja, E , Machanya P., Mlenge, W.(2008). Technolojia ya Wasukuma ya kuhifadhi uoto wa asili na Malisho ya Ngitili: Uzoefu wa Mkoa wa Shinyanga. TAFORI Newsletter Vol. 6 1: 2-6
  6. Luhende, , Maduka S.M., Banzi F., Bakengesa S and Otsyina R. (2005). Observations on Domestication Process of Herbal Tree Species from the Miombo Woodlands under Mixed Stand at Lubaga, Shinyanga, Tanzania. TAFORI/CIFOR Newsletter 26-30.
  7. Bakengesa, , Banzi, F., Luhende, R., Maduka, S. and Chibwana, A. (2003). A Successive Research and Development Initiative: A view from HASHI-ICRAF, Shinyanga, Tanzania. TAFORI Newletter 3(2): 10-16
  8. Siima Bakengesa (2004) Jam Making from Indigenous Fruits trees 42: 9-10
  9. Bakengesa, S and Otsyina R. (2001) Impact of Improves Woodstoves on Household Economy in Shinyanga. Renewable energy. Elsevier

Books and Book Chapters

  1. Bakengesa, S.S., Madoffe, S., Petro, R., Chamshama, S.A.O., Ndomba, O.A and Lema, M ( 2015). Field Guidelines for Insect Pests, Diseases and Soil problems in Forests, Tanzania.
  2. Ludovick, O.N. Uronu, Hariel,P. Msanga and Siima S. Bakengesa(2014). Mwongozo wa upandaji miti Tanzania.Wizara ya Maliasili na Utalii. Wakala wa Mbegu za Miti. FGD Tanzania Ltd. Dar es salaam. 96 pp
  3. Siima Bakengesa(2013) . Tanzania Forest Genetic Resources FAO, Rome.
  4. Siima S, B, Munishi P, K, T and S. Navrud (2011). Impact of climate change on wetland utilization in Kilombero Ramsar site in Leah Filho. W (Ed)(2011) . Experiences of Climate change Adaptation in Africa. Springer Verlang, Berlin. 33-53
  5. Otsyina and Bakengesa, S (2002). Fodder Banking in Peri- Urban Dairy Production: The Experience of Tanzanian women. Women Farmers: Enhancing Rights, recognition and Productivity. Peterlang , Berlin. 11: 179-187
  6. Swallow, Brent; Muhia, Njeri; Mango, Nelson; Gichimo, Rosalynn; Kabuye, Fred; Bakengesa, Siima; Waata, Fiona ( 2003) Voices of poor livestock keepers in the Lake Victoria Basin : overview report for Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania, NRI Kent Monograph 08.05.01 8531 InfoAgrar library